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电大开放英语1形成性考核册答案(完整版)

开放英语(1)形成性考核册          学前记录卡

请自我评估一下目前的英语基础

1.      你是否掌握了本课程作为起点要求的600基础词汇:

 A.                      B.

2.      你现有的词汇量约为:500 词能熟练使用的词汇约为: 300    

3.      请写出你认为自己已经掌握的内容:

人称代词、冠词、一般现在时、词类、 there be的句型等的用法。

下面提供一些英语学习的方法,供你参考。但请注意,语言的运用是一种技能,这种技能不是专靠技巧能够获得的,必须要对学习的内容本身投入较多的时间和精力。只有通过大量而反复的练习,才能真正做到熟能生巧。(根据实际选择行当的方法用表示)

1.      把英语当成获取信息、交流的工具,让英语派上用场,也让自己从学习中找到乐趣.

2.      每周制订一份切实可行的学习计划,帮助自己安排学习时间,完成学习任务.

3.      我每天都会抽出一些时间学习英语,不间断地进行听说读写的练习。

4.      记忆单词时不事立地死记硬背,而是通过例句来记住它的含义/搭配,并试着用它造句来加深理解和记忆。

5.      学习新单词时注意它的词性及其变化形式。例如,名词要区分是可数还是不可数,如果是可数名词,还要了解它的复数形式;动词要分清是及物,还是不及物,以及它的各种变化形式(单数第三人称的变化形式;ing形式等等)。

6.      在学习新的语法知识时注意把新知识与已经掌握的联系起来,并进行归纳总结,加深理解。

7.      选择自己感兴趣的内容进行阅读,如小说、幽默故事等,以保证有足够的动力坚持下去。

8.      看到好的的句子就把它摘抄下来,反复诵读。

9.      先跟读音内容,尽量模仿其语音语调,然后再不跟录音自己大声朗读。将自己的朗读录下来与原录音内容进行比较,找出差距。

10.  选择一些难度适当的听力材料反复听然后进行听力练习,争取做到一字不漏。

11.  营造听力的语言环境,如听英语广播、看英语电视节目,坚持每天都有语音输入,锻炼自己的听力。

12.  学完一篇课文后,将其译为汉语,然后不看原文再将汉语译文口译回英文,这样既作了复述练习,又作了口语练习,同时还发掘出一些学习课文时容易忽略的地道的英语用法。

13.  经常选择身边非常熟悉的人或事物,用英语进行讲述。

14.  说英语的时候不刻意追求语言形式上的完全正确,而将注意力集中在要表达的意思上。

15.  经常使用英英字典。

16.  经常用英语记述一些身边发生的事情。

  如果你有什么好的学习方法,可以写在这里和大家共享。

 

学习记录表 1

 

1.      请写出下列名词的复数形式。

Parent    photo    bus     life    half     child      woman    tooth

 

Parents   photos  buses  lifes   halfs   children  women    teeth

 

2. 频度副词often,always,sometimes等在句中的位置是有规律的,请写出这些规律,并各举一个例句。

 

1)在动词 to be之后:

Are you always at home on Sunday?

2)在实意动词之前:

       I sometimes go to London.

3)在含有助动词的句子中,置于助动词之后,实意动词之前。

       I do not often go to work by bus.

 

3. 请写现在进行时的两种用法,并分别举一个例句。

  

1)现在进行时表示此刻正在发生的事情或正在进行的动作。

          He is talking to a customer.

  2)现在进行时也可以表示这一段时期正在进行的活动,虽然在此时此刻没有进行。

          LiJun is working on a new database at the moment ,but right now she is sleeping.

 

4.请用学过的功能句型介绍你自己的姓名、年龄、所在城市、工作。请用英语写

 

My name is XXX.

I am XX years old this year.

I am Live in Beijing now.

I am an engineer.

 


开放英语(1)作业1

 

第一部分  交际用语(10分)

15小题:阅读下面的小对话,选择正确答案,并将所选项的字母符号写在各题前的(  )中,红色为参考答案。(每题2分,共10分)

A1— How old is the manager?  

— He is 35 years old.

          A. Right.        B. Wrong.

A2— What do they do?  

— They work in a bank.

          A. Right.       B. Wrong.

B3  Would you like some crisps

         — No, I’m sorry. 

         A. Right.       B. Wrong.

B4— How much does the flat cost a month

         — It’s on the tenth floor.   

         A. Right.       B. Wrong. 

A5— Could you sign the register, please?.

  Of course.

         A. Right.         B. Wrong.

 

第二部分   词汇与结构(40分)

6-25小题:阅读下面的句子,选择正确答案,并将所选项的字母符号写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共40分)

  B 6. He  __________  for an IT company.

         A. work          B. works       C. working

  A 7. I have coffee _______ breakfast time.

         A.  at           B. in           C. on

  C 8.  ______  name is Wanghua.

         A. He       B. He’s      C. His

  C 9. She is _______ only accountant in my son's company.

A. a             B. an            C. the

  C 10. Maria often has a walk with ________parents in the morning.

A. she           B. their            C. her

  B 11. ___________ you got any family?

         A. Do           B. Have       C. Has

  B 12. He’s responsible ________ the central computer system.

         A. in            B. for         C. of 

C 13. The Business Banking Department is on ________floor.

A. Second        B. the two        C. the second

  C 14. Wang Li is _________ a new marketing campaign at the moment.

         A. plan           B. planing      C. planning

C 15. Polly enjoys ______ the guitar in a band in her free time.

A. play           B. to play        C. playing

B 16. There _________ three plants in the corners of the room.

         A. is             B. are               C. have

A 17. I work in __________ IT Department of ________ large bank.

         A. the, a       B. a, the            C. a, a

B 18. What _______“nr" mean?

         A. is             B. does             C. do

B 19. I sometimes go to the pub ______ Friday.

         A. in             B. on               C. at

A 20. ___________ people are my friends. ________ people are my husband's friends.

         A. These, Those    B. This, That           C. Here, There

B 21. He _________ in Beijing, but his parents ________ in Hangzhou.

         A. live, lives       B. lives, live        C. live, live

A 22. My husband doesn't ________, but I like it very much.

         A. like shopping    B. likes shopping       C. likes to shop

C 23.--- ______ are you from?

           --- I’m from Nanjing.

 A. What           B. When              C. Where

C 24. He ___________ lunch in the canteen right now.

         A. has            B. have               C. is having

A 25. _______children has his brother got?

         A. How many      B. How much           C. How about

 

第三部分  句型变换(15分)

26. He is a manager.

Is he a manager?

 27. She usually goes to work by bus.

Does she usually go to work by bus?

28. There are fifty students in the class.

Are there fifty students in the class?

29. They have a large house.

Have they a large house? / Do you have a large house?

30. He’s currently working on TV advertisements.

Is he currently working on TV advertisements?

 

第四部分:阅读理解(20分)

3135小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(Right),还是错误(Wrong),并将答案写在各题前(   )中。(每题2分,共10分)

Hi, Rob!

You want to know about my new boyfriend.

His name is David Manning. He lives in London and he’s British. His parents are from London, but they live in Oxford. He is 34 years old. He’s an IT manager and he works for ABHK Bank.

He’s lovely, of course.

See you on Thursday.

Love, Polly

 

B31. Rob is Polly’s new boyfriend.

       A. Right         B. Wrong.               

A32. David is British.  

 A. Right.       B. Wrong.

A33. David’s parents are British.

A. Right.        B. Wrong.

B) 34. David’s parents live in London.

       A. Right.         B. Wrong.

B35. David works at a university.

       A. Right.         B. Wrong.

 

36-40小题:阅读下列短文,从ABC三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案写在各题前的()中。(共计10分,每小题2分)

Xiaoyan tells David about the people she works with.

David: So who do you usually work with in Shanghai?

Xiaoyan: I work in an office with three other people, Jung, Lee and Liu – they are the Marketing Department and I am their IT expert.

David: do you like it there?

Xiaoyan: Yes, they’re great people. Lee is the Sales Manager. He is responsible for 25 sales people in China. He’s planning a sales campaign for companies at the moment, but he’s visiting the New York office right now.

David: What about the others?

Xiaoyan: Liu is the advertising manager. He’s responsible for the advertising. He’s currently working on TV advertisements. Actually, he’s on holiday in Bali right now.

David: So the office is empty at the moment.

Xiaoyan: Oh no. Jung is always there. She’s the secretary. She’s responsible for the office.

At the moment she’s working on new databases.  But actually – it’s 1.00 o’clock in the morning in Shanghai, so I think she’s sleeping right now.

 

B36. How many people does Xiaoyan work with in Shanghai?

        A. Two.

        B. Three.

        C. Four

 ( B) 37. What does Xiaoyan do in the Marketing Department in Shanghai?

        A. She is a secretary.

        B. She is an IT expert.

        C. She is the Sales Manager.

B38. What is Lee responsible for?

A.      The advertising.

B.      The sales people.

C.      The office.

( A) 39. What is Liu doing right now?

        A. He is on holiday.

        B. He is working on TV advertisements

        C. He is visiting the New York office.

C40. What is Jung’s current project?

        A. A sales campaign.  

        B. TV advertisements.

        C. New databases.

 

第五部分  翻译  15分)

41--45题:将下列英文句子翻译成中文。(共计15分,每题3分)

41. The Meeting Rooms are on the ground floor.

会议室在一楼。

42. He ’s talking to a customer right now.

他此刻正在和一顾客讲话。

43. David usually have a sandwich in his office at lunchtime.

大卫午餐时间经常在办公室吃一块三明治。

44. I have a reservation for a single room.

我预定了一间单人间。

45. I’m waiting for an important telephone call from my boss in Shanghai.

我在等我的老板从上海打来一个重要的电话。


学习记录表2

1、  请你归纳一下本课程多次出现的表达提议/提出建议这一功能句型,每种句型要列出其结构并举一个例句,如果有相应的答语也要一并列出。(Unit 2, Unit 3 Unit 5 Unit 7 Unit 10 )

:Would you like sth?

Would you like a drink?      Yes,please,/No,thanks.

 

Would you like to do sth?

Would you like to have a cooffe ? Yes,please.

What / What would you like,Polly? I would like a glass of wine.

What about + doing ?

What about going to an estate flat ?

How about + doing ?

What about going to an estate agent ?

Why don't you…?

Why don't you take the tube ?

 

 

2、请用学过的功能句型描述一下你自己的外貌、性格爱好以及所擅长的事情。(Unit 9

 

I’ve got long(short) fair(dark curly/straight) hair. I wears glasses ( grey beard ) .

I am nice ( kind/shy/out going/friendly/talkative/confident/serious) . I like cooking, reading

And driving. I am interested in cars, hunting. I an cooking and driving.

 

 

 

 

 


开放英语(1)作业2 

 Units 7-12

 

第一部分  交际用语(10分)

15小题:阅读下面的小对话,判断答语是否恰当,恰当的选ARight),不恰当的选BWrong),并将答案写在各题前的( )中。(每题2分,共10分)

A 1--- How do I get to the bus station?

             --- You can take the number 38 bus.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

B 2.一What does he look like?

             ---  He looks sad.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

B 3.一What's the weather like in Shanghai?

             --- That's all right

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

A 4.一What do you think of your new job?

             --- I think it is very difficult.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

A 5.一Excuse mewhere is the bus stopplease?

             --- It’s outside the greengrocer’s.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

 

625小题:阅读下面的句子,选择正确答案,并将所选项的字母符号写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共40分)

   B 6. --- ________ Singapore like?

             It's small and well-organised.

             A. What does           B. What is             C. How is   

   C 7. How many _______ would you like to buy?

             A. coffee              B. oil                 C. oranges  

   B 8. I don't need _______ coffeethanks.

             A. some               B. any                 C. no

   A 9. _______ rice do you want to buy?

             A. How much         B. How many            C. How

   C 10. I ________ buy any wine.

             A. need not           B. don't need           C. don't need to

   C 11. It ________ heavily here at this moment.

             A. rain               B. rains               C. is raining

   A 12. --- I haven't got a car.

             Neither ________ I.

             A. have               B. do                C. am 

   A 13. He can _______ good English.

             A. speak              B. talk                C. say   

   A 14.一What about Wednesday evening?

              Sorry________ then.

             A. I'm too busy        B. I'm free             C. I'm fine   

   A 15. I'm interested ______ cooking.

             A. in                 B. to                 C. at   

   B 16. It often _________ in winter in the north of China.

             A. snow               B. snows             C. is snowing   

   A 17._______ come to dinner tonight?

             A. Would you like to     B. How about         C. What about  

   B 18. I don't need _____ mineral waterbut I'd like ______ teathanks.

             A. anyany            B. anysome         C. somesome

   A 19. I am not keen ______ sports.

             A. on                  B. with              C. in  

   A 20. You can paint the walls and ______ posters. You can do what you want.

             A. put up               B. put down          C. put on  

A 21. I prefer watching TV.

              _______ do I.

             A. So                 B. Neither              C. Nor  

C 22. How much does it cost _________ bus?

             A. at                  B. on                   C. by

A 23. The area is too dirty.

               YesI agree. It's ______

             A. not clean enough      B. not enough clean       C. clean not enough

B24. He goes to work ______ foot but comes back home _____ taxi.

             A. byby             B. onby              C. byon

C 25. How about _______ a taxi?

             A. take               B. to take               C. taking

 

第三部分   句型变换(15分)

26—30小题;将下列句子改写为否定句。(每小题3分,共15分)

 

26. You can smoke in the bedrooms.

You can’t smoke in the bedrooms.

27. It usually snows in winter in Ireland.

It doesn't usually snow in winter in Ireland.

28. Put them on the desk.

Don't put them on the desk.

29. She has got brown wavy hair..

She hasn't got brown wavy hair.

30. I need to buy some apples.

I don't need to buy any apples.

 

第四部分   阅读理解(20分)

3135小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(Right),还是错误(Wrong)。并将答案写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共10分)

Franco: Is this your calligraphy, Xiaoyan? 这是你的书法,小燕?

Xiaoyan: Yes. Do you like it? 是的,你喜欢吗?

Franco: It’s beautiful. 它非常美丽。

Xiaoyan: I think I’m good at art because my father is an artist.

我认为我擅长艺术因为我父亲是位艺术家。

Franco: I’m not. My handwriting is terrible, but I always write personal letters by hand – I don’t like using the computer for that.

我不行。我的书法很糟糕,但我总是亲笔写私人信件我不喜欢使用电脑。

Xiaoyan: Neither do I. but my family only send emails, I don’t get real letters anymore.

我也是。但是我的家庭只发电子邮件,我没再收到亲笔信了。

Franco: Me neither --- I’ll write you a real letter!

我也没有,我可以给你写信!

Xiaoyan: Thanks you! But I like using the computer for some things. I’m keen on researching my family history and I love surfing the Internet for information about that.

谢谢你!但我喜欢使用电脑写东西。我热衷于研究家族历史,我喜欢上网查资料。

Fianco:  Really? Me too!

真的吗?我也是。

    B 31. Franco’s handwriting is beautiful.

              A. Right.           B. Wrong.           

    A 32. Franco doesn’t like using computers for personal letters.

              A. Right            B. Wrong           

    A 33. Xiaoyan doesn’t like using computers for personal letter.

              A. Right            B. Wrong       

    A 34. Xiaoyan enjoys surfing the internet for information about her family history.

              A. Right             B. Wrong          

B 35. Franco is not interested in researching his family history

佛朗哥没有兴趣研究他的家史。

              A. Right            B. Wrong          

 

36-40小题:阅读下列短文,从ABC三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案写在各题前的()中。(共计10分,每小题2分)

   

Xiaoyan: I have most of the things I need. We don’t need to buy any rice, and we don’t need any peas.

Mary: We need some oranges. How many do we need to buy?

Xiaoyan: Four are enough. And we need some cream.

Mary: How much cream do we need to buy for four people?

Xiaoyan: Two cartons? Shall we get a melon? And some wine. And I haven’t got any coffee.

Mary: OK. And lychees. Two tins?

Xiaoyan: How many lychees do you get in a tin?

Mary: I don’t know. Let’s get a big tin. We also need some mineral water.

Xiaoyan: And the prawns. How many prawns?

Mary: One big packet will do. I also need to get some vegetables for next week – potatoes, carrots, onions, and a cabbage I think. There’s a little greengrocer’s along th4e road. Why don’t we go there first?

    C 36. How many oranges does Xiaoyan want to buy?

              A. One.               B. A kilo.             C. Four

    A 37. Do they need any cream?

              A. Yes, they do.               

B. No, they don’t.

C. The text does not tell us.

    A 38. How many prawns do they want to buy?

              A. A packet.          B. Two packets.        C. Three packets.

    B 39. Who would like to have some vegetables?

              A. Right.               B. Mary.             C. Shopkeeper.

A 40. Which is not included in the shopping list?

这些不包括在购物清单里吗?)

              A. Rice and peas. (水稻和豌豆)

              B. Potatoes and coffee. (土豆和咖啡)

              C. Melons and wine.(西瓜和酒)

                      

第五部分   翻译(15分)

41--45题:将下列英文句子翻译成中文。(每题3分,共15分)

 

41. The living room is large and comfortable.

起居室既大又舒适。

42. I prefer watching TV to reading the paper.

我喜欢看电视而不喜欢读报。

43. The bank is opposite the newsagent’s.

银行在报刊亭对面。

44. He borrows a lot of money from me.

他(常)向我借许多钱。

45. It takes forty minutes to get from the airport to the city center by taxi.

乘出租从飞机场到市里需要40分钟。


 

学习记录表3

1.      在表示比较时,常用形容词比较级 + than的结构,请举出两个例句。除此之外,还可以通过其它一些句子结构来对人或事物进行比较。请写出这些句子结构并举一个例句。(Unit 14 Unit 17

(1)     形容词比较级+than

She was warmer than Frank.

She was a little faster than him.

(2)     To be+形容词+as

Shanghai is as modern as London.

This book is as thin as that one.

(3)     to be the same as

Business life in Shanghai is the same as in London.

 

 

 

 

 

2.      这几个单元介绍了多种用于表示将来的时态句子结构,请各举一个例。

3.       

(1)     一般现在时表示预先安排的日程(Unit 13

Next month I do aerobics on Saturday.    

(2)     现在进行时表示将来的安排(Unit 14)

Is she coming back to London on Thursday?

(3)     一般将来时表示预测(Unit 15)

How much will we need?

(4)     一般将来时表示将来的客观事实(Unit 15)

Molly will be here.

(5)     一般将来时表示即时的决定(Unit 17)

What about the shopping ? There is a lot,

(6)     表示将来的计划和意图(Unit 17)

Tim is going to borrow his parents’car.

 

 

 

 

 

开放英语(1)作业(3

Units 13-18

 

第一部分 交际用语(10)

15小题:阅读下面的小对话,判断答语是否恰当,恰当的选ARight),不恰当的选BWrong),并将答案写在各题前的( )中。(每题2分,共10分)

(A)   1.一How are you feeling?

      --- I feel much better. Thank you.

         A. Right.           B. Wrong.

(B )2.一 How was your day yesterday?

I've got a bad cough.

         A. Right.           B. Wrong.

(A )3.一 Why don’t we have a barbecue?

      That's a good idea.

         A. Right.           B. Wrong.

(B) 4.一What time does the Swimming Pool close?

      --- On Tuesday.

         A. Right.           B. Wrong.

(A) 5.一What was the party like?

      --- It was great.

         A. Right.           B. Wrong.

 

第二部分词汇与结构(40)

625小题:阅读下面的句子,选择正确答案,并将所选项的字母符号写在各题前的( )中。(每题2分,共40分)

B )  6. _______any yoga classes in the evenings?

        A. Is there               B. Are there               C. Have  

B 7. Which is _________the Yangtze River or the Yellow River?

        A. a bit long             B. longer                  C. more long

B 8. I'm _________ a list of things to buy.

        A. doing                B. making                 C. having  

A 9. Rose is experienced _________ training.

        A. at                   B. of                   C. on

A 10.She is making           a cup of coffee

        A. herself                B. himself               C. myself

B 11. When are you ______ London _________ Paris?

        A. leavego to           B. leavingfor           C. leaving fromto

 A12. I think there will ________ 50 people at tomorrow's party.

          A. be                    B. being                C. are

 C13. Carlos ________ serve the drinks and take the orders.

          A. have to               B. has                   C. has to

 B14. Hurry up. We don't have ________ time.

          A. many                B. enough                C. too many

 A15. I'll give _________.

          A. the man the book      B. the book the man       C. the book for the man

 A16. I am not feeling very well. I ________ to see the doctor.

          A. need                B. should               C. would

 B17Tim ________ make a cake for the party.

          A. going to              B. is going to            C. are going to

B18. She ________ a teacher in Shanghai last year.

      A. is                  B. was                  C. were

 A19. My housewarming party is ________ Mary’s.

          A. different from        B. different as           C. as different as

 B20. ________ prepare everything today?

          A. How about          B. Why don't we          C. What about

 C21. I have an English class ________ a week.

          A. three               B. three time             C. three times

 C22. Chris usually goes to the gym ________ the weekend.

          A. from               B. in                  C. at

B23. I’m bad at spelling, but Jane is ________than me.

          A. bad               B. worse               C. less

 A24. _________ of these two books do you prefer?

          A. Which              B. What               C. How

 A) 25. --The classroom is not big enough for 50 students.

          -- Yes, I agree. It’s ______.

A. too small           B. no big              C. not small enough

 

第三部分  句型变换

26—30小题;根据括号里的提示改写下列句子。

26. He goes to work by bus. (用how对划线部分提问)

How does he go to work?

27. She is flying for Paris on Thursday.  (用when对划线部分提问)

When is she flying for Paris?

28. The bus stop is outside the post office. (用where对划线部分提问)

Where is the bus stop?

29. They will go to the wedding reception. (改为否定句)

They won’t go to the wedding reception.

30. He was at the party last night. (改为否定句)

He wasn’t at the party last night.

 

第四部分   阅读理解    20分)

31-35小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(Right),还是错误(Wrong)。并将答案写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共10分)

In Britain people usually have a doctor near their home or in their town. This is the local doctor. You have to register with a doctor before you can make an appointment. You usually have to fill in a form and the doctor examines you. Families often register with the same doctor.

Doctors often work together in groups, and the name of the place where they work is a Doctor’s Surgery. The government pays for his system, and it is free to go to see your doctor.

If the doctor decides that you need treatment he can prescribe medicine. For example he can prescribe antibiotics for an infection. Medicine can be tablets to take with water or liquid to drink. The doctor writes the prescription. You take the prescription to the chemist’s, and the chemist will make up to medicine for you. You usually have to pay some money for the medicine – but you don’t have to pay the full price.

    B31. British people usually go a long way to see a doctor.

           A. Right           B. Wrong

    A32. British families often register with the same doctor.

           A. Right           B. Wrong

    B33. Doctors always work alone in their won Doctor’s Surgery.

           A. Right           B. Wrong

    A34. British people don’t have to pay when they see their doctor.

           A. Right            B. Wrong

    A35. British people usually have to pay for their prescription at the chemist’s.

           A. Right            B. Wrong

 

36-40小题:阅读下列短文,从ABC三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案写在各题前的()中。(共计10分,每小题2分)

What should I do at a party in England?

What do I do at the party?

You should always offer to get drinks for other people when you go to get a drink for yourself. You should introduce yourself to new people in the group. You should avoid personal questions about family until you know them better. Good topics of conversation are films, books, television programmes, holidays, jobs, the town you are in, etc.

You should ask for permission to smoke; say “Is it alright if I smoke?” Or, better, you should go outside to smoke. Many people don’t like the smell of smoke inside.

You shouldn’t drink too much! And never get drunk.

What do I do when I leave?

     If you are not a close friend of the hosts, you shouldn’t be the last to leave.

     You should say “Thank you” to the hosts and say “It was a lovely party. I really enjoyed myself.” And then you should go back to people you talked to and say “It was very nice to meet you.”

 B 36. When you go to get a drink for yourself, you should ________.

A.      introduce yourself first

B.      offer to get drinks for other people in the group

C.      ask for permission

 C37. You should not talk about _____ with new people.

A.      the town you are in

B.      television programmes

C.      personal questions about family

 B38. People don’t like the smell of smoke inside, so you should _______.

            A. not smoke before you go to a party

B. go outside to smoke

C. smoke in the kitchen

 A39. _________ get drunk at a party.

            A. You should never

            B. It’s OK to

            C. You should say sorry if you

 B40. You say “It was very nice to meet you” when you _______.

            A. meet other guests

            B. leave other guests

C. meet your hosts

                     

 

第五部分:翻译

41--45题:将下列英文句子翻译成中文。

41. You need to reduce your temperature.

你应该退烧。

42. I feel worried about my exam next week.

我担心()下周的考试。

43. He is good at web-design, much better than her.

他擅长网站设计,比她好得多。

44. There are four candidates for this job.

有四名求职者申请这份工作。

45. We will make a decision before the 30th September..

我们将在930号前作出决定。

开放英语(1)作业4  期末自测

 

第一部分交际用语(10分)

15小题:阅读下面的小对话,判断答语是否恰当,恰当的选ARight),不恰当的选BWrong),并将答案写在各题前的( )中。(每题2分,共10分)

B 1--- What are your parents doing right now?

             --- My mother is retired. My father is a manager.

              A. Right.             B. Wrong.

   A 2.一Can I help you?

             ---  Yes, I’d like to rent a flat.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

   A 3.一Could I speak to Harry, please?

             --- He’s not in., I’m afraid.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

   A 4.一What do you think of the Internet?

             --- I think it is very useful.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

   B 5.一How much oil do you need?

             --- It costs about 50 pounds.

              A. Right.              B. Wrong.

 

第二部分词汇与结构(40分)

6-25小题:阅读下面的句子, 选择正确答案,并将所选项的字母符号写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共40分)

B 6. I work in ______ office in Shanghai.

            A. a              B. an             C. the

解析:这里考查的是不冠词和定冠词的用法。不定冠词一般表示泛指,有一个的意思。定冠词表示特指,可以接单数名词也可以接复数名词。在这里要选择B,因为这句话表示的是:我在上海一家事务所工作。为什么选择B,还有一个因为是后面的名词是以元音开头的单词。

B 7. There ________ four children in the picture.

            A. is             B. are           C. have

解析:这里考查的是there be结构,表示在某处有或存在什么。这在作业1里有类似题。be动词是用单数还是用复数,要看be动词后的名词是单数还是复数,这里be动词后是不规则复数名词children,所以要选择答案B

B 8. We often have _______ supper at home.

            A. us             B. our            C. ours

解析:这里考查的是物主代词的用法。但这里有两个物主代词,即ourours。但our是形容词性物主代词,而ours是名词性物主代词。因为题面中的supper是名词,名词前需要用形容词性物主代词来修饰,所以选择B。而答案A中的us是人称代词的宾格,只能做宾语,不能作定语。

B 9. _______ Chris worried about the presentation last week?

            A. Is             B. Was            C. Were

解析:这里考查的是be动词的时态用法,在此选择B有两个原因:1)在题面里有明显的表示过去时态的时间副词last week2)主语Chris是个人名。

B 10. This is my new watch. It was a present ____ my wife.

            A. with           B. from             C. to

解析:这里考查的是介词的用法。一般来讲,with表示等;from表示来源来自等;to表示方向通往等。因此,此处选择B

B 11Paul is in _________ canteen on _______ third floor.

            A. the, a            B. a, the           C. a, a

解析:这里考查的还是不冠词和定冠词的用法。不定冠词一般表示泛指,有一个的意思。定冠词表示特指,另外,在序数词要用定冠词。因此,这里选择B

 B  12. I don’t want _____ tea, thanks.

            A. some            B. any             C. /

解析:这里考查的是非限定词的用法。类似的题在作业2里讲过。some用在肯定句中;any用在疑问句和否定句中。这句话是一个否定句,所以选择B

  C 13. Lily and Lucy are _________ a picture-book in their room.

            A. looking          B. Watching            C. reading

解析:这里考查的是动词与名词搭配的问题。一般来讲,look是个不及物动词,后面要跟介词或副词构成词组;watch是个及物动词,但后面不能接book一词。我们所说的读书或看书要用动词read,所以选择C

C 14. I have two brothers. One is a driver_______ is a policeman.

            A. one              B. other             C. the other

解析:这里考查的是代词other的用法。在这里选择C是因为other一词表示其中的一个,即另外一个,前面需用定冠词the。而One除了作数词表示一个外,还可以作代名词用;答案B中的other作形容词使,表示别的,其余的等义。

C 15. _________ do I get to the bus station?

            A. What             B. Where          C. How

解析:这道题可以从作业2的第一项交际用语中的第一题找到答案,此句问的是我怎样才能到达汽车站?问的是通过何种方式或乘坐什么交通工具抵达某地。

C 16. She is _________ than him.

            A. a bit fast           B. much fast        C. faster

解析:这里考查的是比较级的用法,即more。。。than结构。此句是说她比他速度快多了。”fast一词是个单音节词,是个规则变化的词,遵循词尾加er的规律。所以选择C

C 17. I’m sorry she’s not in. Would you like to ______ a message?

            A. keep             B. rest              C. leave

解析:这里考查的是动词与名词搭配的问题。一般来讲,keep一词后常接doing结构;rest一词表示休息,在此词不达意。Leave a message 是个词组,就是我们通常说的留言”“流口信之意。因此选择C

A 18. He goes to work _______ foot but comes back home ______ taxi.

            A. on, by            B. by, on            C. by, by

解析:这道题在作业2中出现过,与第24题完全一样。请参见那里的解析。

A 19. My aunt _____ for her friends at home.

            A. enjoys cooking      B. enjoys to cook     C. enjoy cooking

解析:这里考查的是动词enjoy的用法。首先这个词后面需接动名词,表示喜欢做什么。其次,这句话的主语是个单数名词,因此,要选择A

B 20. --  ________ do you prefer watching TV?

       -- Because it helps my English a lot.

            A. How            B. Why            C. What

解析:这里要考查的是疑问词的选择,在答语中有由because引出的句子,因此上文要选择B答案—Why来提问。

C 21Rose is _______ than Frank.

            A. very easy-going   B. much easy-going  C. much more easy-going

解析:这里还是考查比较级的用法,即more。。。than结构。根据此结构只有答案C符号条件。这句是说罗斯比弗兰克更随和。所以选择C

C 22. He is _________ on the 6 o’clock train on Friday evening.

            A. travel             B. travels         C. traveling

解析:这里考查的是进行时的用法,be动词在此和traveling一起构成进行时态,和其它的词不能放在一起使用。所以,这里只有答案C是对的。

B 23. -- I think the parks are lovely.

         -- So ______ I.

            A. am            B. do             C. have

解析:这个小对话在形考作业2中有介绍,请查看相关题。

A 24. _________ wine do you need for the party?

            A. How much         B. How little       C. How many

解析:这道题在作业1和作业2中均有介绍,请查看相关题。

A 25. When __________ for London

A.     is she flying   B. she flies    C. she is going to fly

解析:在这里考查的是疑问句的构成,即疑问词+助动词+主语+谓语动词。在答案里只有答案A符合要求。因此选择A

                 

 

第三部分  句型变换 15分)

26—30小题:根据括号里的提示改写下列句子。(每小题3  )分,共15分)

26. He always works on Tuesday. (改为一般疑问句)

Does he always work on Tuesday?

27. I have to work every evening. (改为否定句)

I don’t have to work every evening.

28. My computer is working. (改为否定句)

My computer isn’t working.

29. The meal will take two hours. (用how long 对划线部分提问)

How long will the meal take?

30. The flat costs 500 pounds a month. (用how much 对划线部分提问)

How much does the flat cost a month?

 

第四部分   阅读理解(20分)

3135小题:阅读下列短文,并根据短文内容判断其后的句子是正确(Right),还是错误(Wrong)。并将答案写在各题前的()中。(每题2分,共10分)

DavidOK, the interviews are on Friday. This is the shortlist of candidates for the job --- there are four people.

好的,采访是上周五。这胜作的候选人名单---,有4

Xiaoyan: Looking at their application forms, there are some very good people here with a lot of skills. The advertisement in the newspaper was good.

浏览他们的申请表格,有一些人非常好有很多技能。在报纸上的广告是不错。

DavidThis one looks very intelligent. His CV says he was at Harvard and Bristol universities. Yes, they are all young and experienced. 这看起来很聪明。他的简历说,他在哈佛大学和布里斯托尔大学。是的,他们都是年轻的和有经验的的。

MarkAny attractive! 很有吸引力!

DavidDo you mean good-looking in their photos, or attractive personality? 

你的意思是照片好看,或个性有吸引力吗?

MarkPersonality, of course! We want someone relaxed and easy-going as well as bright.

当然是个性,!我们希望有人轻松,随和出众。

DavidYeswe’re a small team, so to be friendly is important.

是的,我们一个小团队,这样一来是友好的,是很重要的。

Xiaoyan: As well as personality, the important skills are web-design, website management, training skills and French, am I right?  跟个性一样的,重要的技能是网页设计,网站管理,技能培训和法语,我说的对吗?

(  B  ) 31. The interviews last two days.

        A. Right.        B. Wrong.

(  A  ) 32. There are four people on the shortlist of candidates.

        A. Right.        B. Wrong

(  B  ) 33.  A candidate’s personality is more important than his or her skills.

候选人的个性比他或她的技能更重要。

        A. Right.         B. Wrong.

(  B  ) 34.  All four candidates were at Harvard and Bristol Universities.        

A. Right.         B. Wrong.

(  A  ) 35. The team are looking for people with four skills: web-design, website management, training skills and French.

        A. Right        B. Wrong.

 

36-40小题:阅读下列短文,从ABC三个选项中选出一个正确答案,并将答案写在各题前的()中。(共计10分,每小题2分)

Let me tell you about my new job. It’s great. I work for Centre Company. They have an office in London. I am the Deputy Marketing Manager. I am in charge of newspaper advertisements. Currently I am writing advertisements for the local newspapers, and I am visiting our customers to introduce myself.

I like working here, but I don’t like travelling by tube. It’s too busy! We start work at nine o’clock. There are some very nice colleagues, and I often eat lunch with them in the canteen. Lunch is from one o’clock to two o’clock. Then I finish work at 6 o’clock. My brother works near my office. He is in insurance, and sometimes we have a drink in the pub in the evening – but at the moment he is having a holiday in Scotland.

      B 36. The writer  _______ new job.

            A. doesn’t like his    B. likes his           C. is looking for a

      B 37. The writer works in __________.

            A. insurance         B. marketing         C. computers

      A38. The writer works for about ________ on weekdays.

            A. 8 hours           B. 9 hours           C. 10 hours

    C 39. The writer thinks the tube is too ________.

            A. noisy            B. slow              C. busy

    A 40. The writer and his brother  ____________.

            A. sometimes see each other

            B. never see each other

            C. see each other every day

                    

第五部分翻译(10分)

4145小题:将下列句子翻译成汉语。(共计15分,每小题3分)

41. I go swimming once a week.

我每周去游泳一次。

42. Which museum do you want to go?

你想去哪个博物馆?

43. She is less interested in computers than I am.

她不如我对计算机感兴趣。

44. Could you open that bottle, please?

请问你能把把瓶子打开吗?

45. The weather in Beijing is the same as the weather in New York.

北京的天气和纽约的天气一样。 

【电大开放英语1形成性考核册答案(完整版)】相关的文章

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